OpenAnesthesia is dedicated to promoting evidenced-based medicine in anesthesiology, critical care, and pain management.

Travis Reece-Nguyen, MD, MPH, FAAP, and OpenAnesthesia Associate Editor Elisha Peterson, MD, MEd, FAAP, FASA, discuss perioperative care of transgender and gender diverse pediatric patients.


  • OA Summary: Transgender and Gender-Diverse Patients: Anesthetic Considerations 
  • van Rooyen, C., Aquino, N.J., Tollinche, L.E. et al. Perioperative Considerations for Gender-Affirming Surgery. Curr Anesthesiol Rep 13, 90–98 (2023). Link
  • Sanchez K, Tollinche L, Reece-Nguyen T. Anesthesia for gender-affirming surgery: a practical review. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2024;37(3):292-298. PubMed
  • TRANSformed Anesthesia: Examining a Novel ERAS Pathway for Gender-Affirming Chest Reconstruction Surgery Link
  • Sanchez KJ, Sanchez RA, Ben Khallouq B, Ellis DB. Perioperative Care of Transgender and Gender-Diverse Patients: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Anesth Analg. 2023;137(1):234-246. PubMed
  • Reece-Nguyen T, Afonso AM, Vinson AE. Burnout, Mental Health, and Workplace Discrimination in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, and Asexual Anesthesiologists. Anesthesiol Clin. 2022;40(2):245-255. Link
Direct download: AtE_June_2024_JingleMix.mp3
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